Friday, June 29, 2012

June 2012 and Blogging

I do apologize to all my readers for a lackluster June of posts! It hasn't been the easiest month for me, and I've found that every time I sit down to either analyze some philosophy, expound some passage of Scripture, or meditate on some mystical aspect of the Faith, I was being frustrated mentally and couldn't focus on it. No doubt partly due to stress and being tired, I'm sure that there is great deal of warfare going on in the heavenlies, as I've had a lot of friction and opposition to my conversion as well. I have no doubt that, if the Lord wills it, I shall have a better July for blogging and for the entirety of my life. And my life, as well as my blogging, I entrust to Our Lord Jesus Christ, dwelling in the womb of Our Lady.

O Most beautiful Flower of Mt. Carmel, Fruitful Vine, Splendor of Heaven, Blessed Mother of the Son of God, Immaculate Virgin, assist me in this my necessity. O Star of the Sea, help me and show me herein you are my mother.
O Holy Mary, Mother of God, Queen of Heaven and Earth, I humbly beseech you from the bottom of my heart to succor me in this necessity. There are none that can withstand your power.
O show me herein you are my mother. O Mary conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to thee. (three times)
Sweet mother, I place this cause in your hands. (three times)

O, Queen of Heaven, rejoice! Alleluia.
For He whom thou didst merit to bear, Alleluia,
Hath arisen as He said, Alleluia.
Pray for us to God, Alleluia.
Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary. Alleluia.
For the Lord hath risen indeed. Alleluia.
Oremus (Let us pray)
O God, who, through the Resurrection of Thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ,
Didst vouchsafe to fill the world with joy; grant, we beseech Thee, that, through His Virgin Mother, Mary,
We may lay hold on the joys of everlasting life. Through the same Christ our Lord.

We fly to thy patronage, O holy Mother of God;
Despise not our petitions in our necessities, but deliver us always from all dangers,
O glorious and blessed Virgin.

Our Lady, Seat of Wisdom, pray for us!
St. Michael the Archangel, pray for us!

Music to Encourage Conversion of Heart

Of all that has encouraged my conversion to the Catholic Faith, one of the most important encouragements was music. The fact that I discovered was that the quickest way to conversion is understanding Jesus and Mary. Obviously, conversion to Catholicism is complex, and there is a lot to grapple with, and it can be extraordinarily hard to understand all of it at once or to come to terms with all doubts that you may have. But trust me, spiritually, there is no where you will be better aided in getting to the very heart of all Catholicism, than in the relationship between Jesus and Mary. If you can get there, and understand the Passion of Christ through the eyes of Mary, and understand Mary through the Eyes of Jesus; if you can not so much even understand as feel their relationship, you will be at the heart and soul and core of all that the Catholic strives for. All of the treasures of grace and wisdom and truth that is Catholicism lie at the meeting place between these two; for it is here that God meets man. Music can be an incredible aid to opening your heart and your mind to the spiritual power of dwelling in Jesus and Mary, take this video, for example. This video will soften anyone's heart, because it presents the reality of Mary's maternal suffering and her intentional and sublime cooperation with the Redemption that Christ gave us in His Passion. It sparked in me a love and a care for the Blessed Mother as her son, as one who was born of her and is united to her in a bond as unbreakable as that of the bond between her Son Jesus and her. It also helped me to grow in understanding that nothing that was done in the past or is done now in the Life of Christ that we share, which life is utter oblation, and in oblation, utter prayer to the Father, is done without Mary, the Mother of God. This is the most sublime way to understand the concept of Mediatrix of Grace being applied to Mary - Mary is involved with all Graces that we receive specifically because she is the very humanity of Christ, and she is involved in all of His Life, that Life which is but one act of oblation and prayer from the beginning of His Divine Conception, to His Passion and Burial, to His Resurrection and His eternal presentation of Sacrificial Prayer before the Father as the Lamb on the Altar in Revelation. Mary cannot be separated from Jesus, nor Jesus from Mary; the Life of Christ is Marian in spirit, and the Mary herself is Christ's blessed humanity, which communicates to us all grace. This, I think, is communicated to the soul in this video, and others like it.

Also helpful to remember is that every Catholic ought to strive for continual conversion of heart toward dwelling more deeply and fully in that special bond between Jesus and Mary that is the very Life of Christ, the Life of the Sacraments and the Life of Prayer and Contemplation. It is not enough to simply passively receive the Sacraments or to go through the Catholic life in a sort of participatory way. It is not even enough to intellectually know dogma. Dogma is, as Chesterton put it, the gate and fence which guards the children from spilling out into dangerous lands, and thus to know dogma is essential. But to simply stare at the fence without frolicking in the wonderful garden contained in that fence is to miss out on a substantial part of the Life of the Church, the Life of Christ. Certainly, you will be safe staring at the dogmatic fence and minding it and it alone. But come, come to the center of the garden, and come meet Jesus in Mary and Mary in Jesus in a personal way that transforms your way of thinking about God and about our world. When you receive any Sacrament, when you pray any prayer, when you offer up any personal praise to God, or contemplate any sublime mystery, know that Jesus and Mary, Mary and Jesus, are right now present in your act. Be aware of it, strive for more of it; for where Mary and Jesus are, there is the Holy Spirit, and all grace. And when we dwell in the Spirit and grace, we are running for the Father of Mercies and of Light, who longs to embrace us.

Friday, June 22, 2012

A Prayer

Blessed are those who hear the Word of God, and keep it.- Luke 11:28

And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; let it be unto me according to your Word. And with that the Angel left her.- Luke 1:38

O Blessed Virgin Mary, Full of Grace, as you spoke to St. Gabriel the Archangel, escorting the Word from God the Father that you would conceive God the Word and bear Him as your Son, you received the Father's Word so completely into your Immaculate Heart that the Word was born of you and went out into the world as Man from you. In union with the God the Holy Spirit, your Divine Spouse, cry out through us and in union with us acceptance of God's All-Powerful and Holy Word, which we read in Sacred Scripture, hear from Sacred Tradition, and are taught with in the Voice of the Catholic Church; so that, throughout our whole lives, Jesus Christ may be born in our hearts, and be continually present in the world through our Love and Actions. O Mary, in whom the Holy Spirit and all the Spirit's Grace ever dwells, through the Sacramental Mysteries may the Father gather us evermore into you, the Body of Jesus Christ, so that we may be in perfect union Christ and consummate communion with the Holy Trinity, as you are, both now, and forevermore. Amen.

God the Father, Father of Mercies and the God of all Comfort, Principle of the Trinity and of Creation, Father of Lights in Whom there is no Variation or Shadow of Turning, have mercy on us.

Jesus Christ, Our Lord, Our God, Our Husband, Our Savior, Our Brother, All-Encompassing Mystery, Reality, and Logos of God, have mercy on us.

God the Holy Spirit, Our Comfort, Our true Guide, Our Communion, Giver of Life, Bestower of Gifts and Supreme Gift Thyself, Love of the Father and the Son, and Lover of Mankind, have mercy on us.

Holy Trinity, One God, Coequal, Coeternal, Consubstantial, neither Divided nor Estranged, One Living, Permeating, Active Reality, have mercy on us.

Blessed Virgin Mary, ever-Immaculate and the Mother of Our God, Virgin made Church, Spouse of the Triune God and Perfect Body of Christ,  pray for us and throw your cloak around us, now, and always.

St. Joseph, Patriarch, Descendant of David, Royal Steward, Man after God's Own Heart, Protector of the Church present in the Immaculate and Sacred Hearts and Guardian of Mary and Jesus, pray for us and, we beseech thee, by thy powerful intercession, be the aid and help of the Church Militant's return to the honor and glory that are fit for her Royalty; as you did protect the Holy Virgin chaste and spotless, so protect the Church Militant here on earth free from spot or blemish, which is but an extension of her Immaculate Heart.

St. Gabriel the Archangel, pray for us and guide us on this journey. Be in communion and conversation with our Guardian Angels; work, we pray, in the aid of our salvation, and keep the devil and his hordes at bay, in the Name of Jesus Christ and by the Almighty Power of our Triune God.

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

In Persona Christi and The Filioque Clause

Cui autem aliquid donastis, et ego: nam et ego quod donavi, si quid donavi, propter vos in persona Christi, ut non circumveniamur a satana: non enim ignoramus cogitationes eius.- II Corinthii 2:10-11, Latin Vulgate

ω δε τι χαριζεσθε και εγω και γαρ εγω ει τι κεχαρισμαι ω κεχαρισμαι δι υμας εν προσωπω χριστου
ινα μη πλεονεκτηθωμεν υπο του σατανα ου γαρ αυτου τα νοηματα αγνοουμεν - ΠΡΟΣ ΚΟΡΙΝΘΙΟΥΣ Β΄ 2:10-11, Stephanus Greek New Testament

And to whom you have pardoned any thing, I also. For, what I have pardoned, if I have pardoned any thing, for your sakes have I done it in the Person of Christ. That we be not overreached (overcome) by Satan. For we are not ignorant of his devices.- II Corinthians 2:10-11, Douay-Rheims

Dixit ergo eis iterum: Pax vobis. Sicut misit me Pater, et ego mitto vos. Hæc cum dixisset, insufflavit: et dixit eis: Accipite Spiritum sanctum: quorum remiseritis peccata, remittuntur eis: et quorum retinueritis, retenta sunt.- Joannes 20:21-23, Latin Vulgate

ειπεν ουν αυτοις ο ιησους παλιν ειρηνη υμιν καθως απεσταλκεν με ο πατηρ καγω πεμπω υμας
και τουτο ειπων ενεφυσησεν και λεγει αυτοις λαβετε πνευμα αγιον
αν τινων αφητε τας αμαρτιας αφιενται αυτοις αν τινων κρατητε κεκρατηνται - ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 20:21-23, Stephanus Greek New Testament

Once more Jesus said to them, Peace be upon you; I came upon an errand from My Father, and now I am sending you out in My turn. With that, He breathed on them, and said to them, Receive the Holy Spirit; when you forgive men's sins, they are forgiven, when you hold them bound, they are held bound.- The Gospel of St. John 20:21-23, Knox Bible

Et ostendit mihi fluvium aquæ vitæ, splendidum tamquam crystallum, procedentem de sede Dei et Agni.- Apocalypsis 22:1, Latin Vulgate

και εδειξεν μοι καθαρον ποταμον υδατος ζωης λαμπρον ως κρυσταλλον εκπορευομενον εκ του θρονου του θεου και του αρνιου - ΑΠΟΚΑΛΥΨΙΣ ΙΩΑΝΝΟΥ 22:1, Stephanus Greek New Testament

And he showed me a River of Water of Life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the (single, shared) Throne of (both) God and of the Lamb.- Apocalypse 22:1, Douay-Rheims

Sometimes, when I see the teachings of the Catholic Church revealed so plainly in Sacred Scripture, I ask myself, "Why do you not see these passages employed more frequently in the Fathers of the Church, or in contemporary apologetic works directed toward Protestantism or Eastern Orthodoxy?" It's possible I simply haven't run into the works of people using these arguments, but in any case, I thought I would bring these Scriptures out and use them to teach the Faith.

The second passage I included for the sake of reference to the first passage, which is where I found, for the first time, that the Priestly Function of acting 'In Persona Christi' is in fact a Biblical term, being used by St. Paul when speaking to the Presbyters he ordained in Corinth. In Second Corinthians, chapter 2, verse 10 St. Paul gives us one of the major Biblical passages that give support to the theology of the Church regarding the Sacrament of Confession. There he gives permission for the Presbyters to pass on, via his Priestly and Apostolic authority speaking in the Person of Christ, the forgiveness of sins, similar to how Priests are ordained within the Catholic Church to be an extension of the Priestly and Apostolic ministry of the Bishop in forgiving sins, offering the Sacrifice of the Mass, and distributing the other Sacraments. This is a perfect passage to share with Protestants as the Scriptural and Apostolic origin of Catholic theology, and it is also a perfect demonstration of the need for the Magisterium.

The Greek manuscript is somewhat dubious as to its meaning, and the orthodox and principle meaning was gleaned out in the Vulgate, which has been affirmed as free from all error in matters of Faith and Morals by the Church. If you are simply going to be a law to yourself and interpret the Scriptures as you please, you could translate the uncertain Greek text a number of different ways, which is why the King James Version (having been translated from the Hebrew and Greek by the Anglicans when they were largely Anglo-Catholic in attitude and perspective) remains orthodox in this verse and follows the principle meaning that is explicated in the Vulgate (that of forgiveness being imparted in the Person of Christ and with authority, and of St. Paul reinstating the sinful man back into the communion of the Church from his former state of excommunication), and other new, highly unorthodox translations, like the NIV and ESV, translate the passage as St. Paul speaking not in the authority given by Christ in John 20:21-23, but of invoking the presence of Christ in a sort of mutual decision with the Presbyters he appointed at Corinth.

In the third passage, we see one of the clearest, yet surprisingly, one of the least used passages within Sacred Scripture that teaches that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Person of the Father together with the Person of the Son, as from one single point of procession, as Latin theology holds. I could find literally nothing within the Haydock's Catholic Commentary on this passage that indicated anything regarding the Filioque, nor have I found it anywhere else.

We know from these passages...

Respondit Iesus, et dixit ei: Si scires donum Dei, et quis est, qui dicit tibi: Da mihi bibere: tu forsitan petisses ab eo, et dedisset tibi aquam vivam. Dicit ei mulier: Domine, neque in quo haurias habes, et puteus altus est: unde ergo habes aquam vivam? Numquid tu maior es patre nostro Iacob, qui dedit nobis puteum, et ipse ex eo bibit, et filii eius, et pecora eius? Respondit Iesus, et dixit ei: Omnis, qui bibit ex aqua hac, sitiet iterum: qui autem biberit ex aqua, quam ego dabo ei, non sitiet in æternum: sed aqua, quam ego dabo ei, fiet in eo fons aquæ salientis in vitam æternam.- Joannes 4:10-14, Latin Vulgate

απεκριθη ιησους και ειπεν αυτη ει ηδεις την δωρεαν του θεου και τις εστιν ο λεγων σοι δος μοι πιειν συ αν ητησας αυτον και εδωκεν αν σοι υδωρ ζων
λεγει αυτω η γυνη κυριε ουτε αντλημα εχεις και το φρεαρ εστιν βαθυ ποθεν ουν εχεις το υδωρ το ζων
μη συ μειζων ει του πατρος ημων ιακωβ ος εδωκεν ημιν το φρεαρ και αυτος εξ αυτου επιεν και οι υιοι αυτου και τα θρεμματα αυτου
απεκριθη ο ιησους και ειπεν αυτη πας ο πινων εκ του υδατος τουτου διψησει παλιν
ος δ αν πιη εκ του υδατος ου εγω δωσω αυτω ου μη διψηση εις τον αιωνα αλλα το υδωρ ο δωσω αυτω γενησεται εν αυτω πηγη υδατος αλλομενου εις ζωην αιωνιον - ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 4:10-14, Stephanus Greek New Testament

Jesus answered, and said to her: If thou didst know the Gift of God (according to St. Augustine, the Holy Spirit), and who He is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou perhaps wouldst have asked of Him, and He would have given thee Living Water (according to St. John the Evangelist, whose Gospel this is, the Holy Spirit). The woman saith to him: Sir, thou hast nothing wherein to draw, and the well is deep; from whence then hast thou living water? Art thou greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle? Jesus answered, and said to her: Whosoever drinketh of this water, shall thirst again; but he that shall drink of the water that I will give him, shall not thirst for ever: But the Water that I will give him, shall become in him a Fountain of Water, springing up into Life Everlasting.- The Gospel of St. John 4:10-14, Douay-Rheims

In novissimo autem die magno festivitatis stabat Iesus, et clamabat, dicens: Si quis sitit, veniat ad me, et bibat. Qui credit in me, sicut dicit Scriptura, flumina de ventre eius fluent aquæ vivæ. Hoc autem dixit de Spiritu, quem accepturi erant credentes in eum: nondum enim erat Spiritus datus, quia Iesus nondum erat glorificatus.- Joannes 7:37-39, Latin Vulgate

εν δε τη εσχατη ημερα τη μεγαλη της εορτης ειστηκει ο ιησους και εκραξεν λεγων εαν τις διψα ερχεσθω προς με και πινετω
ο πιστευων εις εμε καθως ειπεν η γραφη ποταμοι εκ της κοιλιας αυτου ρευσουσιν υδατος ζωντος
τουτο δε ειπεν περι του πνευματος ου εμελλον λαμβανειν οι πιστευοντες εις αυτον ουπω γαρ ην πνευμα αγιον οτι ο ιησους ουδεπω εδοξασθη - ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 7:37-39

And on the last, and great day of the festivity, Jesus stood and cried, saying: If any man thirst, let him come to Me, and drink. He that believeth in Me, as the Scripture saith, Out of his belly (the Baptized soul, the innermost man) shall flow Rivers of Living Water. Now this He said of the (Holy) Spirit which they should receive, who believed in Him: for as yet the Spirit was not given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.- The Gospel of St. John 7:37-39, Douay-Rheims

...of Sacred Scripture, that the "Gift of God," "the Rivers of Living Water," is in fact the Holy Spirit, that Divine Person of God Whom we are sealed with at Confirmation and which from then on, if we let Him in and do not quench Him through mortal sin, venial sin, and neglecting to ask for His Presence, flows out of us from our soul in the communion of the Holy Spirit (cf. II Corinthians 13:13), comforting and strengthening both us, and those around us, and revealing the Person of Jesus Christ to our souls.

In Apocalypse 22:1, we are taught, in symbolic language, that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the "Throne" of the Father and the Son, into the City of God, which is the Blessed Virgin Mary, and us insofar as we are the Church through sharing in her relationship with God. Now, the Latin word for "Throne" used here is sede, which can be taken symbolically on its own right, but the Greek word used in the Stephanus New Testament is much more descriptive. The Greek word used for Throne is thronos, which has a very definite symbolic meaning. Thronos can mean either a literal Throne, such as a King would use, or it means, by implication, Power. The grammatical structure of Apocalypse 22:1, which comes out in both the Latin and Greek, is of one, singular Throne, shared by the Father and the Son. One Power, One Essence, One Nature is the symbolic import, i.e., the Son is consubstantial with the Father; they are of one, eternal Substance. What this passage of Scripture is teaching us is that the Holy Spirit proceeds eternally from the one Substance of the Father and the Son, as from one point of eternal procession, and it could not be more clear on that from both the Latin and the Greek.

I'll have another post like this looking at some other Catholic teachings in light of Sacred Scripture in a few days, perhaps gleaning some more meaning from some of these passages with regard to the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Tuesday, June 12, 2012

The Prophetic Defeat of Evil in this World

Now Jericho was close shut up and fenced, for fear of the children of Israel, and no man durst go out or come in.
And the Lord said to Josue: Behold I have given into thy hands Jericho, and the king thereof, and all the valiant men.
Go round about the city, all ye fighting men, once a day: so shall ye do for six days.
And on the seventh day the priests shall take the seven trumpets, which are used in the jubilee, and shall go before the ark of the covenant: and you shall go about the city seven times, and the priests shall sound the trumpets.
And when the voice of the trumpet shall give a longer and broken tune, and shall sound in your ears, all the people shall shout together with a very great shout, and the walls of the city shall fall to the ground, and they shall enter in every one at the place against which they shall stand.
Then Josue the son of Nun called the priests, and said to them: Take the ark of the covenant: and let seven other priests take the seven trumpets of the jubilee, and march before the ark of the Lord.
And he said to the people: Go, and compass the city, armed, marching before the ark of the Lord.
And when Josue had ended his words, and the seven priests blew the seven trumpets before the ark of the covenant of the Lord,
And all the armed men went before, the rest of the common people followed the ark, and the sound of the trumpets was heard on all sides.
But Josue had commanded the people, saying: You shall not shout, nor shall your voice be heard, nor any word go out of your mouth: until the day come wherein I shall say to you: Cry, and shout.
So the ark of the Lord went about the city once a day, and returning into the camp, abode there.
And Josue rising before day, the priests took the ark of the Lord,
And seven of them seven trumpets, which are used in the jubilee: and they went before the ark of the Lord walking and sounding the trumpets: and the armed men went before them, and the rest of the common people followed the ark, and they blew the trumpets.
And they went round about the city the second day once, and returned into the camp. So they did six days.
But the seventh day, rising up early, they went about the city, as it was ordered, seven times.
And when in the seventh going about the priests sounded with the trumpets, Josue said to all Israel: Shout: for the Lord hath delivered the city to you:
And let this city be an anathema, and all things that are in it, to the Lord. Let only Rahab the harlot live, with all that are with her in the house: for she hid the messengers whom we sent.
But beware ye lest you touch ought of those things that are forbidden, and you be guilty of transgression, and all the camp of Israel be under sin, and be troubled.
But whatsoever gold or silver there shall be, or vessels of brass and iron, let it be consecrated to the Lord, laid up in his treasures.
So all the people making a shout, and the trumpets sounding, when the voice and the sound thundered in the ears of the multitude, the walls forthwith fell down: and every man went up by the place that was over against him: and they took the city.
- Joshua 6:1-20

The Ark is a symbol of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God. The children of Israel are a symbol of the Church. The Levitical Priesthood is a symbol of the Priesthood of Melchisidech, the Catholic Priesthood. The city of Jericho is symbolic of the entirety of the world, and the evil therein. Here we have laid out perfectly the Church Militant, and the war we wage. As we struggle to enter the Kingdom of Heaven, our Promised Land, "as through violence," as Our Lord said, let us remember this passage, and let us remember our duty and our hope in Our Lord. Let us remember that we don't war against people, or cities, or policies, but against the true enemy, the evil one's influence, and the darkened wills of men. As those brave souls took the Marian statue out into the world, they were fulfilling this prophetic type, carrying symbolically as they were the True Ark of the New Covenant in Christ's Blood into the world, and praying as they marched. As the Scriptures tell us in Joshua, on the Eighth Day of Eternity, the walls of this present evil age will fall, and they will fall by the sword of the Lord, who inhabits the praises of His People. The only ones that will be spared of justice in that Day, who dwell in the world, are those who have the Scarlet Thread of the Blood of the Lamb hanging from their window, as did Rahab, for they have been redeemed out of the world, and have joined the Hosts of Heaven, who march in assault on the city in the Name of their great God, Jesus Christ.

Remember, Catholics, when you pray the Rosary, you march around that City of Evil on your way to Heaven, bearing the Ark of the Lord, the Mother of our God. I can think of no better way to exercise the Priesthood of the Faithful than by carrying the litter of the Mother of God, as the Levites did carry the Ark, which you do spiritually when saying the Holy Rosary. Carry Her, and Her Divine Son within Her, out into the world wherever you go, and let yourself be assumed into the relationship shared between the Sacred and Immaculate Hearts.

The Souls of the Martyrs and the Bodies of the Martyrs

And when he broke the fifth seal, I saw there, beneath the Altar, the souls of all who had been slain for love of God's word and of the truth they held, crying out with a loud voice, Sovereign Lord, the holy, the true, how long now before you will sit in judgement, and exact vengeance for our blood from all those who dwell on earth? Whereupon a white robe was given to each of them, and they were bidden to take their rest a little while longer, until their number had been made up by those others, their brethren and fellow-servants, who were to die as they had died.- Revelation 6:9-11

Why do you suppose that every single Catholic Altar must be consecrated with the relic of a Saint? Why do you think that at every Traditional Latin Mass the Priest kisses the Altar, both in reverence for the Throne of the Lamb Slain, and out of reverence to the relics contained therein? The Catholic Mass is none other than Heaven on Earth; it is a participation in the Divine and Heavenly worship that goes on in Heaven. We see pictured here a vision of an Altar in Heaven, beneath which the souls of the Martyrs cry out to God for justice. The white robes of their righteousness gleam in the Light of Christ, the true Light of the world. Everything in the Mass corresponds to a Heavenly reality, and the physical relics are meant to tie in to the souls of the Martyrs in Heaven, declaring the connection, even in death, that the physical bodies of the Saints have with their souls, and declaring the Resurrection. When we come to eat of that Altar, when the Sacrifice is offered on it, it is offered in union with that great Heavenly Sacrifice, and the Church was guided by the Holy Spirit in everything regarding the Mass. For awhile, in the times of persecution, the Catholics offered the Sacrifice of the Eucharist on the tombs of the Martyrs in the Catacombs, which is served as the Priest's Altars; bringing this prediction in Revelation to fulfillment.